|Act as if the maxim of your action were to become by your will a universal law.
Act that you use humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of another, always at the same time as an end, never merely as a means.
Act so that the maxim of your action ensures the satisfaction of your desires.
None of the above.
|Question 14.14. According to Tom Regan, which of the following should compel us to accept the equal rights of animals? (Points : 1)Sentiment – our feelings for the welfare of animals
Law – legal regulations requiring us to respect the rights of animals
Reason – this theory has the best reasons on its side
Religion – the laws of God mandate human compassionclick here for more information on this paper
|Question 15.15. Hill uses this technique in the middle of the article to examine ideas about the human’s place within nature: (Points : 1)He presents specific factual examples that demonstrate harm to the environment.
He presents a fictional example of a perfect island.
He asks the reader to imagine a specific world that contained inherent worth.
He creates a dialogue between an environmentalist and anti-environmentalist.
|Question 16.16. Aristotle regards passions and feelings like anger as: (Points : 1)a sign that one lacks rational control over one’s state of mind.
always either an excess or a defect in one’s character.
capable of excess, defect, or the intermediate state characteristic of virtue.
Both (a) and (b).
|Question 17.17. Midgley analyzes the position that each society is a separate culture with its own values. This position is known as (Points : 1)Moral relativism
|Question 18.18. What, according to Tom Regan, is the contractarian approach to ethics? (Points : 1)The view that individuals have rights because of a set of rules that they agree to follow, as with agreeing to the terms of a contract
The view that all animals have rights because of the agreements that we have made (or should make) with them
The view that what is morally relevant is the pain and suffering that an animal endures when we mistreat it
The view that all humans have equal rights independent of particular abilities
|Question 19.19. Thomas Nagel argues that all rules of engagement should be governed by the utilitarian principle that (Points : 1)any means can be justified if it leads to a worthy end
the greatest good can justify targeting noncombatants
we are always justified in attacking the tyranny of the majority
none of the above
|Question 20.20. According to Thomas Nagel’s article, “War and Massacre,” the absolutist position that creates no problems of interpretation is (Points : 1)rule utilitarianism
|Question 21.21. Rachels claims that most actual cases of killing: (Points : 1)are morally worse than most actual cases of letting die.
are morally the same most actual cases of letting die.
are morally less bad than most actual cases of letting die.
are morally required.
|Question 22.22. Michael Walzer argues that in the unique world of war, both morality and authority are (Points : 1)radically contested
established by rules of war
established by neutral states
none of the above